Evaluating Books and Journal Articles

When conducting research for class papers and presentations, there are several criteria that you should apply to selecting materials. For information about distinguishing scholarly and popular resources, please consult the Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines page.

The following table will guide you in making this critical choice.


Examples and Explanations

Purpose of Book/Article

What is the author’s intent?
To prove a point or refute someone else’s?
To teach someone how to do something?
To entertain someone?


Recovering Biblical Manhood responds to feminist critiques of biblical gender roles.


Is this published by a government agency?
Research Institute or Trade Group?
Vanity Press (Self-Published)?
Scholarly or Popular Press?
University, College, or Seminary Press?


Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers, 7th Edition, is published by a university press.

Bias/Theological Slant

Some publishers and authors have a bias and/or theological slant that affects the types of resources they will publish. While not necessarily a bad thing, researchers should take the bias/slant into account. Some research assignments might require students to research impartial, objective findings while others ask students to research a particular point of view on a topic.

Kingdom of Priests purports to take a conservative, evangelical perspective on O.T. historical accounts.


Is the bibliography comprehensive? Selective?
Are the citations current?
Does the author cite primary sources? Secondary sources?
Are the citations relevant to the content of the book/journal?


Christian Counseling: A Comprehensive Guide has a 99-page bibliography consisting of books, scholarly journals, trade publications, and personal interviews.


Does the book/article cover the topic of your report?
Does it defend a position?
Does it reject another position?
Is it fact-based or opinion-based?


Wealth and Poverty in Early Church and Society would be an excellent resource for paper regarding the church’s effort to combat poverty around 300 A.D.


What are the author’s educational credentials?
Does the authors have any distinguishing awards or honors?
Does the author have other publications?

Peter Berger has a doctorate in sociology and has published articles and books in the sociology of religion for four decades.


What is the scope of the article?
A general overview?
A specialized examination?
A comprehensive examination?

A Theological Introduction to the Old Testament provides a general survey of O.T. scholarship



What type of audience does the author
intend to reach?
General readers and Laymen?
Undergraduate or Graduate Students?
Researchers in the Field?

Jesus According to Scripture is intended for an informed audience of pastors, theologians, and well-versed church laymen.




What is the implicit purpose of illustrations in a book?
To illustrate ideas or trends?
To entertain?
Are these illustrations professional?
Are the illustrations relevant or distract from the book’s purpose?

Fire From Heaven has four pages of illustrations that highlight the rise of Pentecostalism around the world.




Supporting the Library


Charlotte Christian College and Theological Seminary is a 501(c)3 organization. All donations to the institution are tax-deductible. The library is actively soliciting donations of books, periodicals, and audio-visual materials. If you are in Charlotte, the library staff would be pleased to arrange a pick-up at your home or business. Please contact the library staff if you would like to donate items to the CCCTS library.

Library Wish List

The librarian maintains a wish list on Amazon.com of desired titles and equipment for the library. Please prayerfully consider blessing the library with these items. If you would like to honor someone through your gift, please inform the head librarian so that he might send you a thank you letter and designate the honoree with a book plate.

CCCTS Library Club

The Library Club is a tangible way to support God’s work at Charlotte Christian College and Theological Seminary. Library Club members make monthly pledges that support the operating budget of the library. This helps the library to update its technologies, add quality books and media, and fund workshops hosted by the library staff. The library is responsible for cultivating well-rounded ministers who can navigate information.

Library Club Members make monthly pledges which can be invoiced to you or scheduled as a recurring donation via credit card. As a member, you will enjoy the following privileges:

  • Lending privileges with library books

Please contact the library for more information about becoming a member of the Library Club.

We look forward to growing and evolving to meet the needs of current and future leaders of the church.

Contact CCCTS

Hours of Operation
Monday – Friday: 8:30 am – 5:30 pm
Saturday – Sunday: Closed

Physical Address
7520 E. Independence Blvd., Suite 100
Charlotte, NC 28227-9664

Phone: 704-334-6882